Published on October 23, 2017

As mentioned in my previous blog postASTM D8071-17: Standard Test Method for Determination of Hydrocarbon Group Types and Select Hydrocarbon and Oxygenate Compounds in Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel Using Gas Chromatography with Vacuum Ultraviolet Absorption Spectroscopy Detection (GC-VUV) uses an initial oven temperature start of 35°C, which can be hard to achieve for labs where room temperatures are warm.  Hopefully in that post I convinced you that the potential exists for easing the initial oven temperature up from 35 to 40°C to shorten the GC oven cool-down time by comparing gasoline numbers generated from both oven start temperatures.  As my colleagues have pointed out though, I should have started with evidence from the analyses of the System Validation Mixture for D8071, a quantitative blend of numerous gasoline components.  Of course, anytime I do PIONA GC analysis, I start by verifying that the System Validation Mixture, affectionately called “VUV1” in our laboratory, meets our specification.

Figure 1 is a chromatogram of “VUV1”, the System Validation Mixture, with some key components labeled.

Figure 1. GC-VUV chromatogram of the ASTM D8071 System Validation Mixture with some of the key components labeled.

Figures 2 and 3 demonstrate that PIONA results (Paraffins, Isoparaffins, Olefins, Naphthenes, Aromatics) for the System Validation Mixture analyzed with GC oven starts of 35°C and 40°C compare quite favorably.

Figure 2. GC-VUV PIONA System Validation Mixture results for 35° GC oven temperature start.

Figure 3. GC-VUV PIONA System Validation Mixture results for 40° GC oven temperature start.

The same can be said for individual compound results (Figure 4).  All results “Pass” our current specifications.

Figure 4. GC-VUV PIONA System Validation Mixture select hydrocarbon results for GC oven temperature starts of 35 and 40°C.

Read Part 1: Your PIONA Analysis is Cool, but My Lab Ain’t: Using a Higher GC Oven Start Temperature for Gasoline Analysis with a VUV Detector

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